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Discover our fragrances

We take great pride in creating what we feel are the finest fragrances in the world. A typical Bahoma fragrance requires two years of painstaking work to design and with every candle and fragranced product that leaves our in-house factory,
we know that it’ll help transform your home and your mood.

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Find your own Fragrance

Search by Fragrance Families

From the moment the fragrance is created in our lab, to the careful mixing and pouring of small batches, to the meticulous process of hand-polishing the product before packaging, it’s clear that Bahoma London’s passion is creating sophisticated fragrances for the fragrance connoisseur.

Search by fragrance notes

For real Fragrance Connoisseurs, we have created the table below, all notes are allocated according to their pyramid position. You can read about the Note by clicking the full name of the note and see the products containing this note by clicking the symbol for the note.

top
heart
base
These notes are often lighter and more volatile. These notes bring you into the fragrance and then lead you into the heart of the perfume.
When the top notes have done their job, the heart notes begin to be more prominent. This is the main portion of a fragrance’s span.
Base notes are the richer, heavier notes that appear further into the development of a fragrance. Their staying power can last many hours.
27
A
apple
The number of products containing the note
Press to see the products containing the note
The description of the note
15

A

Apple

  • Key ingredient: Malus domestica
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: China

 
  • Olfactory description: Apple has an aroma which is appetising, fresh, and fruity.
  • Possible attributes: It is reported that "the smell of green apples reduced the severity and duration of migraine headache pain and may have a similar effect on joint pain"
  • Historical note: Considered to be the earliest tree which was cultivated.
Apple

1

Ad

Aldehyde

  • Pyramid position: Top
Aldehyde

16

Al

Almond milk

  • Key ingredient: Eucalyptus radiata
  • Pyramid position: Heart
  • Source: California

  • Olfactory description: Almond milk has a soft, succulent yet bittersweet fragrance.
  • Possible attributes: Has a wonderful and calming aroma
  • Historical note: Now considered a California product, almond traces its origins Southwest and Central Asia's deserts and lower mountain slopes.
Almond milk

18

Am

Amber

  • Key ingredient: Amber
  • Pyramid position: Base

  • Olfactory description: Amber has a rich and earthy aroma that is warm and resinous.
  • Possible attributes: Amber was considered an important healing stone by the ancients who used it as a natural analgesic for internal organ pain.
  • Historical note: According to Greek mythology, The tears of Apollo's daughters solidified to Amber when they wept for Phaeton - their dead brother.
Amber

18

As

Aniseed

  • Key ingredient: Pimpinella anisum
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: Spain

 
  • Olfactory description: Aniseed has a very warming aroma that is described as being pungent and liquorice like.
  • Possible attributes: For ages anise has been used in the treatment menstrual cramps.
  • Historical note: The ancient Greeks used anise to calm the digestive tract.
Aniseed

107

B

Bergamot

  • Key ingredient: Citrus bergamia
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: Italy

 
  • Olfactory description: Bergamot has an aroma which is delicate, light and citrusy.
  • Possible attributes: It is said to have a relaxing scent and antibacterial and antiseptic properties.
  • Historical note: " The original Eau de Cologne which was composed at the beginning of the 18th century contained Bergamot as major component."
Bergamot

16

Ba

Balsamic

  • Pyramid position: Base

  • Olfactory description: Balsamic smells are described as being sweet, soft, earthy and rich all at once.
Balsamic

12

Bl

Blueberry

  • Key ingredient: Vaccinium corymbosum
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: USA

 
  • Olfactory description: Blueberry has a fragrance that is described as having a jam-like sweetness and tartness.
  • Possible attributes: Aromatherapists claim that it seems to absorb free radicals, interferes with carcinagens, and cleanses the blood.
  • Historical note: It is indigenous to North America and highly cherished by its native peoples.
Blueberry

25

Bs

Basil

  • Key ingredient: Ocimum basilicum L.
  • Pyramid position: Heart
  • Source: Vietnam and Egypt

  • Olfactory description: Basil is a fresh, peppery, green fragrance.
  • Possible attributes: Traditionally used for treatment of stress and asthma.
  • Historical note: Basil can be found in ancient Egyptian mummies as it an embalming and preserving herb.
Basil

24

Bz

Benzoin

  • Pyramid position: Base
  • Source: Laos

  • Olfactory description: Benzoin has an aroma which is sweet, warm and vanilla-like.
Benzoin

93

C

Citrus

  • Key ingredient: Citrus
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: Italy

  • Olfactory description: Citrus - light, summery aroma which is sour and has an airy, zesty top note. It is reported to fight off the winter blues and cure cabin fever.
  • Possible attributes: Citruses have a wide variety of uses in medicine and beauty.
  • Historical note: It is believed that citrus originated in Southeast Asia.
Citrus

18

Ca

Cassis

  • Key ingredient: Ribes nigrum
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: France

  • Olfactory description: Cassis describes a smell that is more concentrated and richer than black currant.
  • Possible attributes: Cassis or Blackcurrent is now considered a 'superfruit' for its health benefits.
  • Historical note: Has served as a home remedy in the British Isles as far back as the Middle Ages.
Cassis

12

Cc

Cognac

  • Pyramid position: Top
Cognac

1

Ce

Cypress

  • Pyramid position: Top
Cypress

7

Cf

Cocoa Flower

  • Pyramid position: Top
Cocoa Flower

17

Ci

Citronella

  • Key ingredient: Cymbopogon nardus Rendle
  • Pyramid position: Heart
  • Source: Asia

  • Olfactory description: Citronella has an aroma which is citrusy, fresh, sweet and a bit fruity.
  • Possible attributes: Chinese Medicine claims that citronella oil eases rheumatic pain and arthritic troubles.
  • Historical note: One of the most popular oils in perfumes, it has been used as a starting point for perfumes for quite some time. Its repellent properties were discovered by accident through a hairdressing fragrance.
Citronella

23

Cl

Caramel

  • Pyramid position: Base

  • Olfactory description: Caramel is described as having a honey-like, fruity, cooked-syrup aroma.
  • Historical note: The word caramel can be traced to the Latin word for sugar cane which is callamellus.
Caramel

17

Cm

Coumarin

  • Key ingredient: Coumarin
  • Pyramid Position: Base
  • Source: Synthesised fragrant organic chemical compound

  • Olfactory description: Coumarin has an almonds, vanilla and freshly-mown hay fragrance.
  • Possible attributes:  It has a reputation as being a narcotic, aphrodisiac and erotic fragrance.
Coumarin

53

Cn

Cinnamon

  • Key ingredient: Cinnamon zeylanicum
  • Pyramid position: Base
  • Source: Egypt

  • Olfactory description: Cinnamon is peppery, earthy, spicy, bright yet slightly woody.
  • Possible attributes: According to lab studies, it may have effects on reducing inflamation, fighting bacteria and may have antioxidant effects.
  • Historical note:  The Old Testament mentions Cinnamon several times. Most notibly when Moses is commanded to use it in the holy anointing oil.
Cinnamon

17

Co

Coconut

  • Key ingredient: Cocos nucifera
  • Pyramid position: Base
  • Source: Tropic and subtropic areas

  • Olfactory description: Coconuts have an aroma that is very tropical, rich, milky, sweet, and vanilla-like.
  • Possible attributes: It is believed that Coconut relieves several inflammatory disorders.
  • Historical note: According to tradition in Guam, the first coconut tree grew from the gravestone of a young girl who died of thirst. When the first fruit fell from the tree and cracked open, the girl’s mother drank its milk and named it coconut. Since then it has become one of the main foods of the region.
Coconut

24

Cp

Camphor

  • Key ingredient: Cinnamonum Camphora
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: China

  • Olfactory description: Camphor is best described as a mix between menthol and cinnamon with an aroma that is clean, fresh, and very sharp.
  • Possible attributes: Camphor oil has long been used as an analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antispasmodic.
  • Historical note: Camphor is derived from a large evergreen (camphor laurel) found in Asia and other related trees.
Camphor

23

Cr

Coriander

  • Key ingredient: Corriandrum Sativum
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: Russia

  • Olfactory description: Coriander possesses an aroma which is sweet, herbaceous, spicy, woody, and a bit fruity.
  • Possible attributes:  In folk medicine it is used to calm anxiety and insomnia.
  • Historical note: Coriander can be found growing wild in the Near East and southern Europe, and was even found in the tomb of Tutankhamen.
Coriander

8

Cs

Clary Sage

  • Key ingredient: Salvia sclarea L.
  • Pyramid position: Heart
  • Source: France

  • Olfactory description: Clary has an aroma described as bright, earthy, and herbaceous, with a subtle fruity note.
  • Possible attributes: It is said to ease depression and burn-out, with some claiming it offers relief for menstrual cramps.
  • Historical note:  Native to the Mediterranean, this plant has a long history of use as a medicine.
Clary Sage

9

Ct

Carnation

  • Pyramid position: Top
Carnation

1

Cu

Cumin

  • Pyramid position: Heart
Cumin

65

Cv

Clove

  • Key ingredient: Syzygium aromaticum
  • Pyramid position: Heart
  • Source: Indonesia

  • Olfactory description: Cloves have an aroma described as spicy, warming yet slightly bitter, woody, and rich.
  • Possible attributes: The use of clove oil in relieving pain has been supported by Western studies.
  • Historical note:  Native to the Maluku islands in Indonesia and now used in cuisines world-wide.
Clove

84

Cw

Cedarwood

25

Cy

Cyclamen

  • Key ingredient: Cyclamen
  • Pyramid position: Heart
  • Source: India

  • Olfactory description: Cyclamen has an odour described as fresh, floral and green.
  • Possible attributes: For ages anise has been used in the treatment menstrual cramps.
  • Historical note:  The ancient Greeks used anise to calm the digestive tract.
Cyclamen

5

Eu

Eucalyptus

  • Key ingredient: Eucalyptus radiata
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: Australia

  • Olfactory description: Eucalyptus has a potent fragrance which is camphoraceous with hints of green nuances.
  • Possible attributes: Eucalyptus oil is thought to have properties as an anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial.
  • Historical note: Native to Australia and nearby islands.
Eucalyptus

10

Fi

Fig

  • Key ingredient: Ficus carica
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: Turkey

  • Olfactory description: The Fig has an odour described as being sweet, fruity, and rich with a hint of a floral and balsamic aroma.
  • Possible attributes: Considered by many to be very useful in relieving a cough.
  • Historical note: History considers it one of the first plants that was cultivated for food.
Fig

1

Fr

Freesia

  • Pyramid position: Top
Freesia

1

Gb

Galbanum

  • Pyramid position: Top
Galbanum

45

Ge

Geranium

  • Key ingredient: Pelargonium graveolens L'Her
  • Pyramid position: Heart
  • Source: Egypt

  • Olfactory description: Geranium is described as being light, slightly floral, green, sweet and herbaceous. It is claimed that it has a harmonising effect on the mind and emotions.
  • Possible attributes: It is widely used in vapour therapy where it purportedly relieves stress, depression, PMS, anxiety and tension.
  • Historical note:  Geraniums can be found in the eastern Mediterranean region and throughout temperate regions of the world and mountainous areas of the tropics.
Geranium

19

Gf

Grapefruit

  • Key ingredient: Citrus racemosa
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: Italy

  • Olfactory description: Grapefruit has an aroma that is described as being citrusy, floral, tangy and fruity.
  • Possible attributes: Like other citruses, it is reported to fight off the winter blues and cure cabin fever.
  • Historical note: Grapefruit is a citrus hybrid which was bred in Barbados.
Grapefruit

5

Gi

Ginger

  • Key ingredient: Zingiber officinale
  • Pyramid position: Heart
  • Source: China

  • Olfactory description: Ginger has a hot, spicy, sweet and earthy aroma.
  • Possible attributes: It is claimed that it is useful for treating nausea, colds and the flu as well as having a reputation as an energiser and an aphrodisiac!
  • Historical note:  Grown in tropical Asia since ancient times, it’s use predates historical records.
Ginger

1

Gr

Green Rose

  • Pyramid position: Top
Green Rose

1

Gu

Guaiac Wood

  • Pyramid position: Base
  • Source: South America

  • Olfactory description: Guaiac wood has a fragrance which is described as an exotic wood with tar-like, smoky, tarmac notes.
  • Possible attributes: Is prized as a natural medicine, reportedly contributing to a feeling of well-being and easing anxiety.
  • Historical note:  An endangered tree which is native to the northern coast of South America and the Caribbean.
Guaiac Wood

12

He

Heliotrope

  • Key ingredient: Heliotropium
  • Pyramid position: Heart
  • Source: France

  • Olfactory description: Heliotrope is described as having an aroma which is woody, fruity, and with a hint of vanilla.
  • Possible attributes: Heliotrope reportedly soothes nervers, calms and controls anxiety.
  • Historical note:  Apollo changed his love Clytie to a flower (heliotrope) at her death. Heliotrope means ‘turn to sun’ in Greek.
Heliotrope

2

In

Incense

47

L

Lavender

  • Key ingredient: Lavandula angustifolia Mill. X Lavandula latifolia Medik.
  • Pyramid position: Heart
  • Source: France

  • Olfactory description: Lavender is described as having a fresh, herbaceous, and floral aroma.
  • Possible attributes: For ages it is reported that it has very calming, relaxing, healing and stress relieving properties.
  • Historical note:  Lavender is derived from the Latin word which means to wash.  The Romans used to prepare their bath water with lavender.
Lavender

22

Lc

Litsea cubeba

  • Key ingredient: Litsea cubeba
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: China

  • Olfactory description: Litsea Cubeba has an aroma which is pleasant, citrusy, peppery, spicy, sweet and crisp with earthy notes.
  • Possible attributes: Traditional Chinese medicine claims that it treats pain, digestive problems, aches, and asthma.
  • Historical note: It is an evergreen which is native to Southeast Asia.
Litsea cubeba

33

Ld

Labdanum

  • Key ingredient: Cistus ladaniferus L.
  • Pyramid position: Base
  • Source: Spain

  • Olfactory description: Labdanum has a powerful, deep, powerful, ambery and leathery aroma.
  • Possible attributes: Labdanum, as a resin, was used for over a thousand years to fight colds, coughs, and menstrual cramps.
  • Historical note:  Labdanum was used by the Ancient Egyptians as an incense and to hold together the pharaoh’s false beard made of goat hair.
Labdanum

83

Le

Lemon

  • Key ingredient: Citrus limonum
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: Spain

  • Olfactory description: Lemon has a clean, citrusy, sugary aroma with a bit of spice.
  • Possible attributes: Lemon has been reported to stimulate the immune system.
  • Historical note: During Victorian times, the rich grew lemons indoors as a sign of wealth and as a way of keeping their estates smelling fresh.
Lemon

1

Lg

Lemongrass

  • Key ingredient: Cymbopogon flexuosus
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: Italy

  • Olfactory description: Lemongrass has an intense fragrance which is lemon-like and has a ginger freshness.
  • Possible attributes: Research shows that lemongrass oil has anti-fungal properties.
  • Historical note: Its use as a food additive is widespread and its culinary history, as such, is much longer.
Lemongrass

8

Li

Lime

  • Key ingredient: Citrus aurantifolia
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: Italy

  • Olfactory description: Lime has an aroma described as being fresh, citrusy, sweet, and slightly tart.
  • Possible attributes: One of the most aromatically potent of the citrus oils, it has been reported to boost the immune system and help rejuvenate the skin.
  • Historical note: A very old citrus fruit, it was first cultivated on a mass scale in Persia and Iraq.
Lime

65

M

Mandarin

  • Key ingredient: Citrus reticulata
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: Italy and Argentina

  • Olfactory description: Mandarin has an aroma which is very sweet, fruity, citrusy, and fresh.
  • Possible attributes: According to traditional Chinese medicine, it is used to regulate the Chi and aid digestion.
  • Historical note: An ancient fruit which is considered to be one of the four ancestral types of citrus plants from which all other citruses were hybridised.
Mandarin

9

Me

Melon

  • Key ingredient: Cucurbitaceae
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source:

  • Olfactory description: Melons have an aroma which is said to be fresh, watery, light, cool and fruity.
  • Possible attributes: Aromatherapy practitioners claim that melons have an effect which is calming; bringing balance and peacefulness.
  • Historical note: Melons appeared in Europe near the end of the Roman Empire after having made their way from their native lands of Africa and Southwest Asia.
Melon

4

Mi

Mint

  • Key ingredient: Mentha Piperita
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: India

  • Olfactory description: Mint has a fragrance which is cool and refreshing with peppery notes.
  • Possible attributes: Traditionally used to treat stomach and chest pains.
  • Historical note: According to Greek mythology, Minthe was turned into a plant for trying to seduce Hades.
Mint

7

Mm

Mimosa

  • Key ingredient: Acacia dealbata
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: France

  • Olfactory description: Mimosa have an aroma which is described as sweet, delicate, green, and floral with undertones of freshness, depth, complexity, woodiness.
  • Possible attributes: Mayans used Mimosa to treat burns and aid trauma injuries.
  • Historical note: Native to Central and South America, but grown elsewhere for its rare ability to perform rapid movement.
Mimosa

104

Mo

Moss

  • Key ingredient: Evernia furfuracea
  • Pyramid position: Base
  • Source: France

  • Olfactory description: Moss is an aroma described as dry, earthy and bark-like.
  • Possible attributes: Moss has antibacterial properties which were exploited by Native Americans and doctors treating soldiers wounds during WWI.
  • Historical note:  Scientists claim that ancient moss may have helped cool the earth and spur life on Earth.
Moss

25

Mr

Marine

  • Pyramid position: Top

  • Olfactory description: Marine is a clean and soft aroma described as ozone-like; refreshing, soothing, thunderstorm air.
  • Possible attributes: People have long found the seaside to have its therapeutic benefits which go beyond escaping the doldrums of everyday life.
Marine

152

Mu

Musk

  • Pyramid position: Base

  • Olfactory description: Musk is a very classic aroma described as warm, smooth, rich and animal-like.
  • Possible attributes: It is rumoured that musk is a powerful aphrodisiac.
  • Historical note:  Due to overhunting, the musk dear is now a protected species and all musk used in Bahoma fragrances comes from synthetic sources.
Musk

6

N

Nutmeg

  • Pyramid position: Top
Nutmeg

22

Ne

Neroli

  • Pyramid position: Heart
  • Source: Italy

  • Olfactory description: Neroli is light fragrance with a citrusy, slightly bitter, orange and honey blossom note.
  • Possible attributes: It is rumoured to have a calming effect on the nervous system and traditionally it was widely used to increase circulation and decrease tension.
  • Historical note:  Neroli oil is derived from the blossoms of the bitter orange. It made its way from Italy to France by Princess Nerola in the 17th century.
Neroli

87

O

Orange

  • Key ingredient: Citrus sinensis
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: Brazil

  • Olfactory description: Oranges have an aroma which is best described as sweet, sugary, fresh and citrusy.
  • Possible attributes: Orange oil reportedly improves mood and facilitates detox. It is also a popular aroma to purify spaces from tobacco smoke odour.
  • Historical note: This ancient pomelo and mandarin hybrid holds the distinction as the most popular citrus and has been cultivated for at least 4000 years.
Orange

16

Oh

Orchid

  • Pyramid position: Heart
  • Source: Eurasia, America and Canada

  • Olfactory description: Orchid usually gives a sweetish and clean powdery veneer to floral bouquets.
  • Possible attributes: The aroma of orchids is said to aid in relaxation and help heighten one’s appreciation of beauty.
  • Historical note:  One of the largest plant families with over 25,000 species. The ancient Greeks attribute the flower to Orchis, who was torn apart and changed into a flower for attempting to rape a priestess.
Orchid

2

Ok

Oakmoss

  • Pyramid position: Top
Oakmoss

12

Or

Orris

  • Key ingredient: Iris pallida Lam.
  • Pyramid position: Base
  • Source: France, Italy, Morocco and China

  • Olfactory description: Orris has an aroma described as being woody, floral and violet-like.
  • Possible attributes: Orris is said to help with bronchial ailments.
  • Historical note:  Orris has been used as an important perfume ingredient since ancient Greece.
Orris

8

Os

Osmanthus

  • Key ingredient: Osthanthus fragrans
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: China

  • Olfactory description: Osmanthus has a floral aroma described as being delicate, fruity, and apricot-like. It is highly coveted in Asia and is said to increase happiness.
  • Possible attributes: Osmanthus is used in traditional Chinese medicine to improve complexion.
  • Historical note:  This highly regarded shrub can be found in fine gardens the world over.
Osmanthus

7

Oz

Orange Zest

  • Key ingredient: Citrus aurantifolia
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: Italy and Tunisia

  • Olfactory description: Zest has an aroma that is citrusy, tart, and sweet with some spice.
  • Possible attributes: Orange zest has an effect that has been reported to enliven and awaken.
Orange Zest

48

P

Peach

  • Key ingredient: Prunus persica
  • Pyramid position: Top and heart
  • Source: China

  • Olfactory description: Peaches have an aroma which is described as being fruity, sweet, fresh and creamy.
  • Possible attributes: It has been said that peach aroma aids in relaxation and improves mood.
  • Historical note: Cultivation of peaches goes back over 4000 years to South Asia, where it was the favourite fruit of emperors and kings.
Peach

28

Pe

Pepper

  • Key ingredient: Piper nigrum
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: India

  • Olfactory description: Pepper is an aroma which is woody, herbal, spicy, sweet, dry, sandalwood-like, and peppery.
  • Possible attributes: Pepper has been used in traditional medicine for ages; however no one has been able to answer the age-old question of why pepper makes one sneeze.
  • Historical note: In the west, pepper was once reserved only for the rich and sometimes used in place of currency.
Pepper

19

Pg

Petitgrain

  • Key ingredient: Citrus aurantium
  • Pyramid position: Heart
  • Source: South-East Asia

  • Olfactory description: This member of the citrus family has a soft, lightly rosy-woody green floral note.
  • Possible attributes: It is believed that petitgrain essential oil calms anger and panic.
  • Historical note:  Originally it was made from small, unripe orange fruits, hence the name. Now it is derived from the leaves and twigs of the orange tree.
Petitgrain

28

Pl

Plum

  • Key ingredient: Prunus
  • Pyramid position: Heart
  • Source: China

  • Olfactory description: Plums have an aroma which is sweet, fruity and raisin-like.
  • Possible attributes: Plum aroma is considered to uplift the mood and promote a feeling a well-being.
  • Historical note:  Considered to be one of the first domesticated fruit trees. The Chinese believe that the five petals represent the five traditional gods of happiness.
Plum

8

Pr

Pear

  • Key ingredient: Pyrus
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: China

  • Olfactory description: Pears have an aroma which is described as being sweet, refined, fruity and more complex than an apple.
  • Possible attributes: The aroma of pears have been said to revive the senses and aid in relaxation.
  • Historical note: Pears were the favourite fruit of many western kings and are closely tied to three goddesses in mythology: Aphrodite, Hera and Pomona.
Pear

7

Pw

Powdery

  • Pyramid position: Base

  • Olfactory description: Notes that give a dry feel.
Powdery

1

Py

Peony

  • Pyramid position: Top
Peony

9

Rb

Rosebud

  • Pyramid position: Top
Rosebud

1

Re

Resinous

  • Pyramid position: Base
 
Resinous

7

Rh

Rhubarb

  • Key ingredient: Rheum rhabarbarum
  • Pyramid position: Heart
  • Source: China

  • Olfactory description: Rhubarb has an aroma which is described as very tart, refreshing, and sour with strawberry facets.
  • Possible attributes: Rhubarb has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for atleast 5000 years.
  • Historical note:  Rhubarb was used in traditional Chinese medicine for thousands of years and was once one of the most valuable commodities which travelled the Silk Road.
Rhubarb

15

Ro

Rosemary

  • Pyramid position: Heart
  • Source: Mediterranean

  • Olfactory description: Rosemary has a rustic profile with a minty, camphorous top note.
  • Possible attributes: Rosemary is said to aid in memory.
  • Historical note: Greek mythology holds that Aphrodite was born draped in rosemary.
Rosemary

42

Sa

Sandalwood

  • Key ingredient: Santalum album L.
  • Pyramid position: Base
  • Source: India

  • Olfactory description: Sandalwood has an aroma which is described as being oriental, woody, milky, soft, lasting and rich.
  • Possible attributes: Sandalwood has long been considered to be an aphrodisiac and has been said to treat anxiety.
  • Historical note:  Sandalwood is probably most associated with Hindu society where it is a holy element and believed to bring one closer to the devine.
Sandalwood

8

Sy

Syringa

  • Pyramid position: Heart
  • Source: Balkans

  • Olfactory description: Syringa possesses a floral aroma resembling orange blossom and jasmine.
  • Possible attributes: It is believed that the aroma of syrigna soothes the mind and nerves.
  • Historical note: Traditionally the Syringa has been associated with the first emotion of love and youthful innocence.
Syringa

24

Ta

Tangerine

  • Key ingredient: Citrus Reticulata
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: Italy

  • Olfactory description: Tangerines have an aroma which is described as being very sweet, fresh and citrusy.
  • Possible attributes: Tangerine aroma is said to have a very calming and soothing effect, with some claiming that it eases respiratory problems.
  • Historical note: Tangerines are a subspecies of mandarin oranges and attribute their name to the Moroccan port Tangier, from which Europe received the first tangerines.
Tangerine

26

Tb

Tonka Bean

  • Key ingredient: Dipteryx odorata
  • Pyramid position: Base

  • Olfactory description: Tonka bean is an aroma described as being reminiscent of freshly cut-hay with a touch of almond.
Tonka Bean

7

Tu

Tuberose

  • Key ingredient: Polianthes tuberosa L.
  • Pyramid position: Heart
  • Source: India

  • Olfactory description: Tuberose has an aroma described as creamy, carnal, and floral.
  • Possible attributes: Tuberose was forbidden a forbidden scent during Victorian times, as it was feared that it caused spontaneous orgasm.
  • Historical note:  Tuberose is a plant which was cultivated for many centuries by the Aztecs and brought to the Old World by the Spaniards.
Tuberose

135

V

Vanilla

  • Key ingredient: Vanilla planifolia Jacks
  • Pyramid position: Base
  • Source: Indian Ocean

  • Olfactory description: Vanilla has an aroma which is sweet, cosy, and comforting.
  • Possible attributes: Research has shown that Vanilla-like fragrances reduce anxiety and it is said that it also aids in stomach discomfort.
  • Historical note:  According to the myth of the Totonac people of present day Mexico, Vanilla was born through a tragic love story. A beautiful princess disobeyed her father and fell in love with a mere mortal.  The pair were captured and beheaded. A beautiful Vanilla orchid grew in the spot where the lovers' blood had filled.
Vanilla

74

Ve

Vetiver

  • Key ingredient: Vetiveria zizanoides L.
  • Pyramid position: Base
  • Source: Haiti

  • Olfactory description: Vetiver is an aroma which is described as being dry, woody, and musty with dark chocolate and smoke nuances.
  • Possible attributes: Vetiver is said to have properties which cools, calms and uplifts, providing stabilisation while stimulating.
  • Historical note:  Vetiver has a rich history of use in Oriental medicine and is also very popular nowadays in perfumery, cosmetics, soaps, and food flavouring.
Vetiver

61

Vt

Violet

  • Pyramid position: Heart

  • Olfactory description: Violet has an aroma which is described as being earthy, powdery and floral.
  • Possible attributes: Violets contain cyclotides, which are being researched for their antimicrobial, insecticidal, and anti-HIV properties.
  • Historical note:  Athens has been referred to as the ‘Violet-crowned city’ since Aristophanes, who noted that the king who was crowned there and the flower were one and the same.
Violet

107

W

Woody

  • Pyramid position: Base

  • Olfactory description: Generally referring to fragrance notes derived from woody materials.
Woody

65

Yl

Ylang

  • Key ingredient: Ylang Ylang
  • Pyramid position: Heart
  • Source: Indian Ocean

  • Olfactory description: Ylang has an aroma which is described as being sweet, rich, and floral with banana and jasmine nuances.
  • Possible attributes:  It has a reputation as being a narcotic, aphrodisiac and erotic fragrance.
  • Historical note:  Philippine mythology tells the story of a talented gardener and his wife who desperately want a child, but are unable. The gods grant the couple a daughter on the condition that she never marries. Though the parents expend great efforts to shelter their beautiful daughter from the eyes of suitors, she eventually meets a young man. When the young man gives her a bouquet of flowers, they touch and she is turned into a plant. Ylang-ylang  supposedly means ‘never to touch’.
Ylang

Multilayered Notes
45

Ft

Fruity

  • Pyramid position: Top and heart

  • Olfactory description: Notes which are fresh, sweet and sometimes tart reminiscent of edible fruits.
Fruity

14

Ga

Gardenia

  • Key ingredient: Gardenia
  • Pyramid position: Top and heart
  • Source: China

  • Olfactory description: Gardenia has an aroma described as floral, heady, may appear to some as overpowering or intoxicating, sometimes sweet with a hint of citrus. It is reported to have properties which treat anxiety or insomnia.
  • Possible attributes: It is used widely in Chinese medicine to fight infections, and has since then been adapted to treat anxiety and insomnia.
  • Historical note: A genus in the coffee family which is native to Africa, Oceania, Australasia and South Asia.
Gardenia

185

Li

Lily

  • Key ingredient: Lilium
  • Pyramid position: Top and heart
  • Source: India

  • Olfactory description: Lily has an aroma which is described as floral, sweet, and gentle.
  • Possible attributes: Lily has a history of use for pain and cough.
  • Historical note: According to Greek mythology, the lily was the flower of Hera, wife of Zeus.
Lily

119

R

Rose

  • Key ingredient: Rosa damascena
  • Pyramid position: Top and heart
  • Source: France, Morocco, Turkey and Bulgaria

  • Olfactory description: Rose is described as having an aroma which is floral, fresh, and lemony with powder, wood or fruit nuances. As The King of Flowers it is intensely romantic.
  • Possible attributes: The aroma of roses reportedly eases depression, the effects of menopause and stess.
  • Historical note: According to the ancient Greek poet Anacreon, the rose was created from the seafoam which dripped from the body of Aphrodite upon her birth.
Rose

49

I

Iris

  • Key ingredient: Iris
  • Pyramid position: Heart and base
  • Source: Italy

  • Olfactory description: Iris has an aroma which is a voluptuous, creamy mixture of sugar and violets.
  • Possible attributes: Some claim that it helps with respiration and is an aphrodisiac.
  • Historical note:  The word iris is derived from Greek, meaning rainbow.  In Greek mythology, Iris linked the Gods to humans and was the personification of the rainbow.
Iris

146

Pt

Patchouli

  • Key ingredient: Pogostemon cablin
  • Pyramid position: Heart and base
  • Source: Indonesia

  • Olfactory description: Patchouli has a rich tradition and even richer aroma which is described as earthy, smoky, spicy, and musky.
  • Possible attributes: Its exotic, sensual and luxurious fragrance has a reputation as an aphrodisiac.
  • Historical note:  Patchouli is an herb that can be found growing wild at high altitudes on the islands Java and Sumatra.
Patchouli

43

Sc

Spicy

  • Pyramid position: Heart

  • Olfactory description: Notes which are typical of spices that come from exotic parts of the world.
Spicy

22

Sw

Sweet

  • Pyramid position: Heart and base

  • Olfactory description: Typical sugary note with vanilla-like nuances.
Sweet

4

Fl

Floral

  • Pyramid position: Top, heart and base

  • Olfactory description: Floral is described as having a fresh, clean, soft and natural aroma.
Floral

133

J

Jasmine

  • Key ingredient: Jasminum grandiflorum L.
  • Pyramid position: Top, heart and base
  • Source: Egypt, Morocco and India

  • Olfactory description: Jasmine is described as being very rich, warm, floral and tea-like.
  • Possible attributes: For ages it has been considered to be calming, relaxing, sensual, exotic, and romantic. Resent research suggests that its smell is 'as calming as valium'.
  • Historical note: Jasmine has been considered the queen of flowers since ancient times.
Jasmine

  • Bahoma

Discover our fragrances

We take great pride in creating what we feel are the finest fragrances in the world. A typical Bahoma fragrance requires two years of painstaking work to design and with every candle and fragranced product that leaves our in-house factory,
we know that it’ll help transform your home and your mood.

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Find your own Fragrance

Search by Fragrance Families

From the moment the fragrance is created in our lab, to the careful mixing and pouring of small batches, to the meticulous process of hand-polishing the product before packaging, it’s clear that Bahoma London’s passion is creating sophisticated fragrances for the fragrance connoisseur.

Search by fragrance notes

For real Fragrance Connoisseurs, we have created the table below, all notes are allocated according to their pyramid position. You can read about the Note by clicking the full name of the note and see the products containing this note by clicking the symbol for the note.

top
heart
base
These notes are often lighter and more volatile. These notes bring you into the fragrance and then lead you into the heart of the perfume.
When the top notes have done their job, the heart notes begin to be more prominent. This is the main portion of a fragrance’s span.
Base notes are the richer, heavier notes that appear further into the development of a fragrance. Their staying power can last many hours.
27
A
apple
The number of products containing the note
Press to see the products containing the note
The description of the note
15

A

Apple

  • Key ingredient: Malus domestica
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: China

 
  • Olfactory description: Apple has an aroma which is appetising, fresh, and fruity.
  • Possible attributes: It is reported that "the smell of green apples reduced the severity and duration of migraine headache pain and may have a similar effect on joint pain"
  • Historical note: Considered to be the earliest tree which was cultivated.
Apple

1

Ad

Aldehyde

  • Pyramid position: Top
Aldehyde

16

Al

Almond milk

  • Key ingredient: Eucalyptus radiata
  • Pyramid position: Heart
  • Source: California

  • Olfactory description: Almond milk has a soft, succulent yet bittersweet fragrance.
  • Possible attributes: Has a wonderful and calming aroma
  • Historical note: Now considered a California product, almond traces its origins Southwest and Central Asia's deserts and lower mountain slopes.
Almond milk

18

Am

Amber

  • Key ingredient: Amber
  • Pyramid position: Base

  • Olfactory description: Amber has a rich and earthy aroma that is warm and resinous.
  • Possible attributes: Amber was considered an important healing stone by the ancients who used it as a natural analgesic for internal organ pain.
  • Historical note: According to Greek mythology, The tears of Apollo's daughters solidified to Amber when they wept for Phaeton - their dead brother.
Amber

18

As

Aniseed

  • Key ingredient: Pimpinella anisum
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: Spain

 
  • Olfactory description: Aniseed has a very warming aroma that is described as being pungent and liquorice like.
  • Possible attributes: For ages anise has been used in the treatment menstrual cramps.
  • Historical note: The ancient Greeks used anise to calm the digestive tract.
Aniseed

107

B

Bergamot

  • Key ingredient: Citrus bergamia
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: Italy

 
  • Olfactory description: Bergamot has an aroma which is delicate, light and citrusy.
  • Possible attributes: It is said to have a relaxing scent and antibacterial and antiseptic properties.
  • Historical note: " The original Eau de Cologne which was composed at the beginning of the 18th century contained Bergamot as major component."
Bergamot

16

Ba

Balsamic

  • Pyramid position: Base

  • Olfactory description: Balsamic smells are described as being sweet, soft, earthy and rich all at once.
Balsamic

12

Bl

Blueberry

  • Key ingredient: Vaccinium corymbosum
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: USA

 
  • Olfactory description: Blueberry has a fragrance that is described as having a jam-like sweetness and tartness.
  • Possible attributes: Aromatherapists claim that it seems to absorb free radicals, interferes with carcinagens, and cleanses the blood.
  • Historical note: It is indigenous to North America and highly cherished by its native peoples.
Blueberry

25

Bs

Basil

  • Key ingredient: Ocimum basilicum L.
  • Pyramid position: Heart
  • Source: Vietnam and Egypt

  • Olfactory description: Basil is a fresh, peppery, green fragrance.
  • Possible attributes: Traditionally used for treatment of stress and asthma.
  • Historical note: Basil can be found in ancient Egyptian mummies as it an embalming and preserving herb.
Basil

24

Bz

Benzoin

  • Pyramid position: Base
  • Source: Laos

  • Olfactory description: Benzoin has an aroma which is sweet, warm and vanilla-like.
Benzoin

93

C

Citrus

  • Key ingredient: Citrus
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: Italy

  • Olfactory description: Citrus - light, summery aroma which is sour and has an airy, zesty top note. It is reported to fight off the winter blues and cure cabin fever.
  • Possible attributes: Citruses have a wide variety of uses in medicine and beauty.
  • Historical note: It is believed that citrus originated in Southeast Asia.
Citrus

18

Ca

Cassis

  • Key ingredient: Ribes nigrum
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: France

  • Olfactory description: Cassis describes a smell that is more concentrated and richer than black currant.
  • Possible attributes: Cassis or Blackcurrent is now considered a 'superfruit' for its health benefits.
  • Historical note: Has served as a home remedy in the British Isles as far back as the Middle Ages.
Cassis

12

Cc

Cognac

  • Pyramid position: Top
Cognac

1

Ce

Cypress

  • Pyramid position: Top
Cypress

7

Cf

Cocoa Flower

  • Pyramid position: Top
Cocoa Flower

17

Ci

Citronella

  • Key ingredient: Cymbopogon nardus Rendle
  • Pyramid position: Heart
  • Source: Asia

  • Olfactory description: Citronella has an aroma which is citrusy, fresh, sweet and a bit fruity.
  • Possible attributes: Chinese Medicine claims that citronella oil eases rheumatic pain and arthritic troubles.
  • Historical note: One of the most popular oils in perfumes, it has been used as a starting point for perfumes for quite some time. Its repellent properties were discovered by accident through a hairdressing fragrance.
Citronella

23

Cl

Caramel

  • Pyramid position: Base

  • Olfactory description: Caramel is described as having a honey-like, fruity, cooked-syrup aroma.
  • Historical note: The word caramel can be traced to the Latin word for sugar cane which is callamellus.
Caramel

17

Cm

Coumarin

  • Key ingredient: Coumarin
  • Pyramid Position: Base
  • Source: Synthesised fragrant organic chemical compound

  • Olfactory description: Coumarin has an almonds, vanilla and freshly-mown hay fragrance.
  • Possible attributes:  It has a reputation as being a narcotic, aphrodisiac and erotic fragrance.
Coumarin

53

Cn

Cinnamon

  • Key ingredient: Cinnamon zeylanicum
  • Pyramid position: Base
  • Source: Egypt

  • Olfactory description: Cinnamon is peppery, earthy, spicy, bright yet slightly woody.
  • Possible attributes: According to lab studies, it may have effects on reducing inflamation, fighting bacteria and may have antioxidant effects.
  • Historical note:  The Old Testament mentions Cinnamon several times. Most notibly when Moses is commanded to use it in the holy anointing oil.
Cinnamon

17

Co

Coconut

  • Key ingredient: Cocos nucifera
  • Pyramid position: Base
  • Source: Tropic and subtropic areas

  • Olfactory description: Coconuts have an aroma that is very tropical, rich, milky, sweet, and vanilla-like.
  • Possible attributes: It is believed that Coconut relieves several inflammatory disorders.
  • Historical note: According to tradition in Guam, the first coconut tree grew from the gravestone of a young girl who died of thirst. When the first fruit fell from the tree and cracked open, the girl’s mother drank its milk and named it coconut. Since then it has become one of the main foods of the region.
Coconut

24

Cp

Camphor

  • Key ingredient: Cinnamonum Camphora
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: China

  • Olfactory description: Camphor is best described as a mix between menthol and cinnamon with an aroma that is clean, fresh, and very sharp.
  • Possible attributes: Camphor oil has long been used as an analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antispasmodic.
  • Historical note: Camphor is derived from a large evergreen (camphor laurel) found in Asia and other related trees.
Camphor

23

Cr

Coriander

  • Key ingredient: Corriandrum Sativum
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: Russia

  • Olfactory description: Coriander possesses an aroma which is sweet, herbaceous, spicy, woody, and a bit fruity.
  • Possible attributes:  In folk medicine it is used to calm anxiety and insomnia.
  • Historical note: Coriander can be found growing wild in the Near East and southern Europe, and was even found in the tomb of Tutankhamen.
Coriander

8

Cs

Clary Sage

  • Key ingredient: Salvia sclarea L.
  • Pyramid position: Heart
  • Source: France

  • Olfactory description: Clary has an aroma described as bright, earthy, and herbaceous, with a subtle fruity note.
  • Possible attributes: It is said to ease depression and burn-out, with some claiming it offers relief for menstrual cramps.
  • Historical note:  Native to the Mediterranean, this plant has a long history of use as a medicine.
Clary Sage

9

Ct

Carnation

  • Pyramid position: Top
Carnation

1

Cu

Cumin

  • Pyramid position: Heart
Cumin

65

Cv

Clove

  • Key ingredient: Syzygium aromaticum
  • Pyramid position: Heart
  • Source: Indonesia

  • Olfactory description: Cloves have an aroma described as spicy, warming yet slightly bitter, woody, and rich.
  • Possible attributes: The use of clove oil in relieving pain has been supported by Western studies.
  • Historical note:  Native to the Maluku islands in Indonesia and now used in cuisines world-wide.
Clove

84

Cw

Cedarwood

25

Cy

Cyclamen

  • Key ingredient: Cyclamen
  • Pyramid position: Heart
  • Source: India

  • Olfactory description: Cyclamen has an odour described as fresh, floral and green.
  • Possible attributes: For ages anise has been used in the treatment menstrual cramps.
  • Historical note:  The ancient Greeks used anise to calm the digestive tract.
Cyclamen

5

Eu

Eucalyptus

  • Key ingredient: Eucalyptus radiata
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: Australia

  • Olfactory description: Eucalyptus has a potent fragrance which is camphoraceous with hints of green nuances.
  • Possible attributes: Eucalyptus oil is thought to have properties as an anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial.
  • Historical note: Native to Australia and nearby islands.
Eucalyptus

10

Fi

Fig

  • Key ingredient: Ficus carica
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: Turkey

  • Olfactory description: The Fig has an odour described as being sweet, fruity, and rich with a hint of a floral and balsamic aroma.
  • Possible attributes: Considered by many to be very useful in relieving a cough.
  • Historical note: History considers it one of the first plants that was cultivated for food.
Fig

1

Fr

Freesia

  • Pyramid position: Top
Freesia

1

Gb

Galbanum

  • Pyramid position: Top
Galbanum

45

Ge

Geranium

  • Key ingredient: Pelargonium graveolens L'Her
  • Pyramid position: Heart
  • Source: Egypt

  • Olfactory description: Geranium is described as being light, slightly floral, green, sweet and herbaceous. It is claimed that it has a harmonising effect on the mind and emotions.
  • Possible attributes: It is widely used in vapour therapy where it purportedly relieves stress, depression, PMS, anxiety and tension.
  • Historical note:  Geraniums can be found in the eastern Mediterranean region and throughout temperate regions of the world and mountainous areas of the tropics.
Geranium

19

Gf

Grapefruit

  • Key ingredient: Citrus racemosa
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: Italy

  • Olfactory description: Grapefruit has an aroma that is described as being citrusy, floral, tangy and fruity.
  • Possible attributes: Like other citruses, it is reported to fight off the winter blues and cure cabin fever.
  • Historical note: Grapefruit is a citrus hybrid which was bred in Barbados.
Grapefruit

5

Gi

Ginger

  • Key ingredient: Zingiber officinale
  • Pyramid position: Heart
  • Source: China

  • Olfactory description: Ginger has a hot, spicy, sweet and earthy aroma.
  • Possible attributes: It is claimed that it is useful for treating nausea, colds and the flu as well as having a reputation as an energiser and an aphrodisiac!
  • Historical note:  Grown in tropical Asia since ancient times, it’s use predates historical records.
Ginger

1

Gr

Green Rose

  • Pyramid position: Top
Green Rose

1

Gu

Guaiac Wood

  • Pyramid position: Base
  • Source: South America

  • Olfactory description: Guaiac wood has a fragrance which is described as an exotic wood with tar-like, smoky, tarmac notes.
  • Possible attributes: Is prized as a natural medicine, reportedly contributing to a feeling of well-being and easing anxiety.
  • Historical note:  An endangered tree which is native to the northern coast of South America and the Caribbean.
Guaiac Wood

12

He

Heliotrope

  • Key ingredient: Heliotropium
  • Pyramid position: Heart
  • Source: France

  • Olfactory description: Heliotrope is described as having an aroma which is woody, fruity, and with a hint of vanilla.
  • Possible attributes: Heliotrope reportedly soothes nervers, calms and controls anxiety.
  • Historical note:  Apollo changed his love Clytie to a flower (heliotrope) at her death. Heliotrope means ‘turn to sun’ in Greek.
Heliotrope

2

In

Incense

47

L

Lavender

  • Key ingredient: Lavandula angustifolia Mill. X Lavandula latifolia Medik.
  • Pyramid position: Heart
  • Source: France

  • Olfactory description: Lavender is described as having a fresh, herbaceous, and floral aroma.
  • Possible attributes: For ages it is reported that it has very calming, relaxing, healing and stress relieving properties.
  • Historical note:  Lavender is derived from the Latin word which means to wash.  The Romans used to prepare their bath water with lavender.
Lavender

22

Lc

Litsea cubeba

  • Key ingredient: Litsea cubeba
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: China

  • Olfactory description: Litsea Cubeba has an aroma which is pleasant, citrusy, peppery, spicy, sweet and crisp with earthy notes.
  • Possible attributes: Traditional Chinese medicine claims that it treats pain, digestive problems, aches, and asthma.
  • Historical note: It is an evergreen which is native to Southeast Asia.
Litsea cubeba

33

Ld

Labdanum

  • Key ingredient: Cistus ladaniferus L.
  • Pyramid position: Base
  • Source: Spain

  • Olfactory description: Labdanum has a powerful, deep, powerful, ambery and leathery aroma.
  • Possible attributes: Labdanum, as a resin, was used for over a thousand years to fight colds, coughs, and menstrual cramps.
  • Historical note:  Labdanum was used by the Ancient Egyptians as an incense and to hold together the pharaoh’s false beard made of goat hair.
Labdanum

83

Le

Lemon

  • Key ingredient: Citrus limonum
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: Spain

  • Olfactory description: Lemon has a clean, citrusy, sugary aroma with a bit of spice.
  • Possible attributes: Lemon has been reported to stimulate the immune system.
  • Historical note: During Victorian times, the rich grew lemons indoors as a sign of wealth and as a way of keeping their estates smelling fresh.
Lemon

1

Lg

Lemongrass

  • Key ingredient: Cymbopogon flexuosus
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: Italy

  • Olfactory description: Lemongrass has an intense fragrance which is lemon-like and has a ginger freshness.
  • Possible attributes: Research shows that lemongrass oil has anti-fungal properties.
  • Historical note: Its use as a food additive is widespread and its culinary history, as such, is much longer.
Lemongrass

8

Li

Lime

  • Key ingredient: Citrus aurantifolia
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: Italy

  • Olfactory description: Lime has an aroma described as being fresh, citrusy, sweet, and slightly tart.
  • Possible attributes: One of the most aromatically potent of the citrus oils, it has been reported to boost the immune system and help rejuvenate the skin.
  • Historical note: A very old citrus fruit, it was first cultivated on a mass scale in Persia and Iraq.
Lime

65

M

Mandarin

  • Key ingredient: Citrus reticulata
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: Italy and Argentina

  • Olfactory description: Mandarin has an aroma which is very sweet, fruity, citrusy, and fresh.
  • Possible attributes: According to traditional Chinese medicine, it is used to regulate the Chi and aid digestion.
  • Historical note: An ancient fruit which is considered to be one of the four ancestral types of citrus plants from which all other citruses were hybridised.
Mandarin

9

Me

Melon

  • Key ingredient: Cucurbitaceae
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source:

  • Olfactory description: Melons have an aroma which is said to be fresh, watery, light, cool and fruity.
  • Possible attributes: Aromatherapy practitioners claim that melons have an effect which is calming; bringing balance and peacefulness.
  • Historical note: Melons appeared in Europe near the end of the Roman Empire after having made their way from their native lands of Africa and Southwest Asia.
Melon

4

Mi

Mint

  • Key ingredient: Mentha Piperita
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: India

  • Olfactory description: Mint has a fragrance which is cool and refreshing with peppery notes.
  • Possible attributes: Traditionally used to treat stomach and chest pains.
  • Historical note: According to Greek mythology, Minthe was turned into a plant for trying to seduce Hades.
Mint

7

Mm

Mimosa

  • Key ingredient: Acacia dealbata
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: France

  • Olfactory description: Mimosa have an aroma which is described as sweet, delicate, green, and floral with undertones of freshness, depth, complexity, woodiness.
  • Possible attributes: Mayans used Mimosa to treat burns and aid trauma injuries.
  • Historical note: Native to Central and South America, but grown elsewhere for its rare ability to perform rapid movement.
Mimosa

104

Mo

Moss

  • Key ingredient: Evernia furfuracea
  • Pyramid position: Base
  • Source: France

  • Olfactory description: Moss is an aroma described as dry, earthy and bark-like.
  • Possible attributes: Moss has antibacterial properties which were exploited by Native Americans and doctors treating soldiers wounds during WWI.
  • Historical note:  Scientists claim that ancient moss may have helped cool the earth and spur life on Earth.
Moss

25

Mr

Marine

  • Pyramid position: Top

  • Olfactory description: Marine is a clean and soft aroma described as ozone-like; refreshing, soothing, thunderstorm air.
  • Possible attributes: People have long found the seaside to have its therapeutic benefits which go beyond escaping the doldrums of everyday life.
Marine

152

Mu

Musk

  • Pyramid position: Base

  • Olfactory description: Musk is a very classic aroma described as warm, smooth, rich and animal-like.
  • Possible attributes: It is rumoured that musk is a powerful aphrodisiac.
  • Historical note:  Due to overhunting, the musk dear is now a protected species and all musk used in Bahoma fragrances comes from synthetic sources.
Musk

6

N

Nutmeg

  • Pyramid position: Top
Nutmeg

22

Ne

Neroli

  • Pyramid position: Heart
  • Source: Italy

  • Olfactory description: Neroli is light fragrance with a citrusy, slightly bitter, orange and honey blossom note.
  • Possible attributes: It is rumoured to have a calming effect on the nervous system and traditionally it was widely used to increase circulation and decrease tension.
  • Historical note:  Neroli oil is derived from the blossoms of the bitter orange. It made its way from Italy to France by Princess Nerola in the 17th century.
Neroli

87

O

Orange

  • Key ingredient: Citrus sinensis
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: Brazil

  • Olfactory description: Oranges have an aroma which is best described as sweet, sugary, fresh and citrusy.
  • Possible attributes: Orange oil reportedly improves mood and facilitates detox. It is also a popular aroma to purify spaces from tobacco smoke odour.
  • Historical note: This ancient pomelo and mandarin hybrid holds the distinction as the most popular citrus and has been cultivated for at least 4000 years.
Orange

16

Oh

Orchid

  • Pyramid position: Heart
  • Source: Eurasia, America and Canada

  • Olfactory description: Orchid usually gives a sweetish and clean powdery veneer to floral bouquets.
  • Possible attributes: The aroma of orchids is said to aid in relaxation and help heighten one’s appreciation of beauty.
  • Historical note:  One of the largest plant families with over 25,000 species. The ancient Greeks attribute the flower to Orchis, who was torn apart and changed into a flower for attempting to rape a priestess.
Orchid

2

Ok

Oakmoss

  • Pyramid position: Top
Oakmoss

12

Or

Orris

  • Key ingredient: Iris pallida Lam.
  • Pyramid position: Base
  • Source: France, Italy, Morocco and China

  • Olfactory description: Orris has an aroma described as being woody, floral and violet-like.
  • Possible attributes: Orris is said to help with bronchial ailments.
  • Historical note:  Orris has been used as an important perfume ingredient since ancient Greece.
Orris

8

Os

Osmanthus

  • Key ingredient: Osthanthus fragrans
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: China

  • Olfactory description: Osmanthus has a floral aroma described as being delicate, fruity, and apricot-like. It is highly coveted in Asia and is said to increase happiness.
  • Possible attributes: Osmanthus is used in traditional Chinese medicine to improve complexion.
  • Historical note:  This highly regarded shrub can be found in fine gardens the world over.
Osmanthus

7

Oz

Orange Zest

  • Key ingredient: Citrus aurantifolia
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: Italy and Tunisia

  • Olfactory description: Zest has an aroma that is citrusy, tart, and sweet with some spice.
  • Possible attributes: Orange zest has an effect that has been reported to enliven and awaken.
Orange Zest

48

P

Peach

  • Key ingredient: Prunus persica
  • Pyramid position: Top and heart
  • Source: China

  • Olfactory description: Peaches have an aroma which is described as being fruity, sweet, fresh and creamy.
  • Possible attributes: It has been said that peach aroma aids in relaxation and improves mood.
  • Historical note: Cultivation of peaches goes back over 4000 years to South Asia, where it was the favourite fruit of emperors and kings.
Peach

28

Pe

Pepper

  • Key ingredient: Piper nigrum
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: India

  • Olfactory description: Pepper is an aroma which is woody, herbal, spicy, sweet, dry, sandalwood-like, and peppery.
  • Possible attributes: Pepper has been used in traditional medicine for ages; however no one has been able to answer the age-old question of why pepper makes one sneeze.
  • Historical note: In the west, pepper was once reserved only for the rich and sometimes used in place of currency.
Pepper

19

Pg

Petitgrain

  • Key ingredient: Citrus aurantium
  • Pyramid position: Heart
  • Source: South-East Asia

  • Olfactory description: This member of the citrus family has a soft, lightly rosy-woody green floral note.
  • Possible attributes: It is believed that petitgrain essential oil calms anger and panic.
  • Historical note:  Originally it was made from small, unripe orange fruits, hence the name. Now it is derived from the leaves and twigs of the orange tree.
Petitgrain

28

Pl

Plum

  • Key ingredient: Prunus
  • Pyramid position: Heart
  • Source: China

  • Olfactory description: Plums have an aroma which is sweet, fruity and raisin-like.
  • Possible attributes: Plum aroma is considered to uplift the mood and promote a feeling a well-being.
  • Historical note:  Considered to be one of the first domesticated fruit trees. The Chinese believe that the five petals represent the five traditional gods of happiness.
Plum

8

Pr

Pear

  • Key ingredient: Pyrus
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: China

  • Olfactory description: Pears have an aroma which is described as being sweet, refined, fruity and more complex than an apple.
  • Possible attributes: The aroma of pears have been said to revive the senses and aid in relaxation.
  • Historical note: Pears were the favourite fruit of many western kings and are closely tied to three goddesses in mythology: Aphrodite, Hera and Pomona.
Pear

7

Pw

Powdery

  • Pyramid position: Base

  • Olfactory description: Notes that give a dry feel.
Powdery

1

Py

Peony

  • Pyramid position: Top
Peony

9

Rb

Rosebud

  • Pyramid position: Top
Rosebud

1

Re

Resinous

  • Pyramid position: Base
 
Resinous

7

Rh

Rhubarb

  • Key ingredient: Rheum rhabarbarum
  • Pyramid position: Heart
  • Source: China

  • Olfactory description: Rhubarb has an aroma which is described as very tart, refreshing, and sour with strawberry facets.
  • Possible attributes: Rhubarb has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for atleast 5000 years.
  • Historical note:  Rhubarb was used in traditional Chinese medicine for thousands of years and was once one of the most valuable commodities which travelled the Silk Road.
Rhubarb

15

Ro

Rosemary

  • Pyramid position: Heart
  • Source: Mediterranean

  • Olfactory description: Rosemary has a rustic profile with a minty, camphorous top note.
  • Possible attributes: Rosemary is said to aid in memory.
  • Historical note: Greek mythology holds that Aphrodite was born draped in rosemary.
Rosemary

42

Sa

Sandalwood

  • Key ingredient: Santalum album L.
  • Pyramid position: Base
  • Source: India

  • Olfactory description: Sandalwood has an aroma which is described as being oriental, woody, milky, soft, lasting and rich.
  • Possible attributes: Sandalwood has long been considered to be an aphrodisiac and has been said to treat anxiety.
  • Historical note:  Sandalwood is probably most associated with Hindu society where it is a holy element and believed to bring one closer to the devine.
Sandalwood

8

Sy

Syringa

  • Pyramid position: Heart
  • Source: Balkans

  • Olfactory description: Syringa possesses a floral aroma resembling orange blossom and jasmine.
  • Possible attributes: It is believed that the aroma of syrigna soothes the mind and nerves.
  • Historical note: Traditionally the Syringa has been associated with the first emotion of love and youthful innocence.
Syringa

24

Ta

Tangerine

  • Key ingredient: Citrus Reticulata
  • Pyramid position: Top
  • Source: Italy

  • Olfactory description: Tangerines have an aroma which is described as being very sweet, fresh and citrusy.
  • Possible attributes: Tangerine aroma is said to have a very calming and soothing effect, with some claiming that it eases respiratory problems.
  • Historical note: Tangerines are a subspecies of mandarin oranges and attribute their name to the Moroccan port Tangier, from which Europe received the first tangerines.
Tangerine

26

Tb

Tonka Bean

  • Key ingredient: Dipteryx odorata
  • Pyramid position: Base

  • Olfactory description: Tonka bean is an aroma described as being reminiscent of freshly cut-hay with a touch of almond.
Tonka Bean

7

Tu

Tuberose

  • Key ingredient: Polianthes tuberosa L.
  • Pyramid position: Heart
  • Source: India

  • Olfactory description: Tuberose has an aroma described as creamy, carnal, and floral.
  • Possible attributes: Tuberose was forbidden a forbidden scent during Victorian times, as it was feared that it caused spontaneous orgasm.
  • Historical note:  Tuberose is a plant which was cultivated for many centuries by the Aztecs and brought to the Old World by the Spaniards.
Tuberose

135

V

Vanilla

  • Key ingredient: Vanilla planifolia Jacks
  • Pyramid position: Base
  • Source: Indian Ocean

  • Olfactory description: Vanilla has an aroma which is sweet, cosy, and comforting.
  • Possible attributes: Research has shown that Vanilla-like fragrances reduce anxiety and it is said that it also aids in stomach discomfort.
  • Historical note:  According to the myth of the Totonac people of present day Mexico, Vanilla was born through a tragic love story. A beautiful princess disobeyed her father and fell in love with a mere mortal.  The pair were captured and beheaded. A beautiful Vanilla orchid grew in the spot where the lovers' blood had filled.
Vanilla

74

Ve

Vetiver

  • Key ingredient: Vetiveria zizanoides L.
  • Pyramid position: Base
  • Source: Haiti

  • Olfactory description: Vetiver is an aroma which is described as being dry, woody, and musty with dark chocolate and smoke nuances.
  • Possible attributes: Vetiver is said to have properties which cools, calms and uplifts, providing stabilisation while stimulating.
  • Historical note:  Vetiver has a rich history of use in Oriental medicine and is also very popular nowadays in perfumery, cosmetics, soaps, and food flavouring.
Vetiver

61

Vt

Violet

  • Pyramid position: Heart

  • Olfactory description: Violet has an aroma which is described as being earthy, powdery and floral.
  • Possible attributes: Violets contain cyclotides, which are being researched for their antimicrobial, insecticidal, and anti-HIV properties.
  • Historical note:  Athens has been referred to as the ‘Violet-crowned city’ since Aristophanes, who noted that the king who was crowned there and the flower were one and the same.
Violet

107

W

Woody

  • Pyramid position: Base

  • Olfactory description: Generally referring to fragrance notes derived from woody materials.
Woody

65

Yl

Ylang

  • Key ingredient: Ylang Ylang
  • Pyramid position: Heart
  • Source: Indian Ocean

  • Olfactory description: Ylang has an aroma which is described as being sweet, rich, and floral with banana and jasmine nuances.
  • Possible attributes:  It has a reputation as being a narcotic, aphrodisiac and erotic fragrance.
  • Historical note:  Philippine mythology tells the story of a talented gardener and his wife who desperately want a child, but are unable. The gods grant the couple a daughter on the condition that she never marries. Though the parents expend great efforts to shelter their beautiful daughter from the eyes of suitors, she eventually meets a young man. When the young man gives her a bouquet of flowers, they touch and she is turned into a plant. Ylang-ylang  supposedly means ‘never to touch’.
Ylang

Multilayered Notes
45

Ft

Fruity

  • Pyramid position: Top and heart

  • Olfactory description: Notes which are fresh, sweet and sometimes tart reminiscent of edible fruits.
Fruity

14

Ga

Gardenia

  • Key ingredient: Gardenia
  • Pyramid position: Top and heart
  • Source: China

  • Olfactory description: Gardenia has an aroma described as floral, heady, may appear to some as overpowering or intoxicating, sometimes sweet with a hint of citrus. It is reported to have properties which treat anxiety or insomnia.
  • Possible attributes: It is used widely in Chinese medicine to fight infections, and has since then been adapted to treat anxiety and insomnia.
  • Historical note: A genus in the coffee family which is native to Africa, Oceania, Australasia and South Asia.
Gardenia

185

Li

Lily

  • Key ingredient: Lilium
  • Pyramid position: Top and heart
  • Source: India

  • Olfactory description: Lily has an aroma which is described as floral, sweet, and gentle.
  • Possible attributes: Lily has a history of use for pain and cough.
  • Historical note: According to Greek mythology, the lily was the flower of Hera, wife of Zeus.
Lily

119

R

Rose

  • Key ingredient: Rosa damascena
  • Pyramid position: Top and heart
  • Source: France, Morocco, Turkey and Bulgaria

  • Olfactory description: Rose is described as having an aroma which is floral, fresh, and lemony with powder, wood or fruit nuances. As The King of Flowers it is intensely romantic.
  • Possible attributes: The aroma of roses reportedly eases depression, the effects of menopause and stess.
  • Historical note: According to the ancient Greek poet Anacreon, the rose was created from the seafoam which dripped from the body of Aphrodite upon her birth.
Rose

49

I

Iris

  • Key ingredient: Iris
  • Pyramid position: Heart and base
  • Source: Italy

  • Olfactory description: Iris has an aroma which is a voluptuous, creamy mixture of sugar and violets.
  • Possible attributes: Some claim that it helps with respiration and is an aphrodisiac.
  • Historical note:  The word iris is derived from Greek, meaning rainbow.  In Greek mythology, Iris linked the Gods to humans and was the personification of the rainbow.
Iris

146

Pt

Patchouli

  • Key ingredient: Pogostemon cablin
  • Pyramid position: Heart and base
  • Source: Indonesia

  • Olfactory description: Patchouli has a rich tradition and even richer aroma which is described as earthy, smoky, spicy, and musky.
  • Possible attributes: Its exotic, sensual and luxurious fragrance has a reputation as an aphrodisiac.
  • Historical note:  Patchouli is an herb that can be found growing wild at high altitudes on the islands Java and Sumatra.
Patchouli

43

Sc

Spicy

  • Pyramid position: Heart

  • Olfactory description: Notes which are typical of spices that come from exotic parts of the world.
Spicy

22

Sw

Sweet

  • Pyramid position: Heart and base

  • Olfactory description: Typical sugary note with vanilla-like nuances.
Sweet

4

Fl

Floral

  • Pyramid position: Top, heart and base

  • Olfactory description: Floral is described as having a fresh, clean, soft and natural aroma.
Floral

133

J

Jasmine

  • Key ingredient: Jasminum grandiflorum L.
  • Pyramid position: Top, heart and base
  • Source: Egypt, Morocco and India

  • Olfactory description: Jasmine is described as being very rich, warm, floral and tea-like.
  • Possible attributes: For ages it has been considered to be calming, relaxing, sensual, exotic, and romantic. Resent research suggests that its smell is 'as calming as valium'.
  • Historical note: Jasmine has been considered the queen of flowers since ancient times.
Jasmine